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高中英语知识点副词知识点

来源: 英语作文网 日期:2019-08-19 16:12:53 分类:英语学习 阅读: 次

摘要:为了大家能够更好地学习、复习,小编为大家整理了高中英语知识点:副词知识点,供大家参考。

六、某些常见副词的区别

1. sometimes, sometime, some time, some times

Sometimes是副词, 意思是“有时”。如:

My father usually goes to work by bike, but sometimes on foot.

sometime也是副词, 意思是“某个时候”。如:

I saw him sometime in October.

用在将来时的句子里表示“某日”、“某时”。如:

He will go to call on his uncle sometime next week.

some tome作为副词词组意为“某时候”,通常用于将来时;作为名词词组则是“壹些时间”的意思。some times的意思是“数次”。如:

Let s have dinner some time next week.

He has waited for some time.

2. fairly和rather

fairly和rather都可以作为程度副词,都可以修饰形容词和副词;在翻译上都可以译成“挺…地,相当…地”的意思。区别如下:

1) rather壹般用来表示消ji的含义,如否定的、坏的、不理想的概念。而fairly壹般用来表示积ji的、好的、合理想的概念。

Let’s go by bus. It’s rather cold outside. Her English is fairly good.

2) rather可与比较#(形容词或副词)连用,也可与too连用,表示a little(有点)、slightly (稍微)的意思,fairly则不能这样用。

a) 与比较#连用,“……多了”

My brother is rather better today.

This dictionary is rather more expensive than that one.

b) 与too连用“有点…;稍微…”

This book is rather too difficult for the juniors and rather too easy for the seniors.

We had a fairly nice dinner, but the price is rather too high.

c) 当修饰名词且有不定冠词时,冠词应该放在fairly前,rather之后。

如:a fairly pretty girl / rather a bad boy

3. 即可作形容词又能作副词的 “-ly”副词的用法

1) 抽象与具体

a) deep和deeply壹般说来,用于具体的情况时deep和deeply 均可(但deep更常用); deeply用于抽象的情况。

He dived deep /deeply into the water. (具体)

I was deeply moved by his heroic deeds. (抽象)

b) high和highly

The bird is flying high in the sky. (具体)

He was highly thought of by the students. (抽象)

c) wide和widely

He opened his eyes wide. (具体)

English is widely used in the world. (抽象)

2) 习惯用法

a) easy与easily

副词easy常用于习语中

go easy (宽容);go easy on (节省);take it easy (放松);easy does it (不着忙);get off easy (不受严厉惩罚);stand easy (休息);Easy come, easy go. (来的易去的快)

除习语外的情况,多用easily。例如:

This TV set can be easily moved about.

b) aloud, loud, loudly

aloud “大声地”,常与cry, shout连用;表示“出声地”与silently相对。

The boy in the water is crying aloud for help. Please read the text aloud.

loud主要说明人的谈笑声音,常与speak, talk, laugh, say, shout连用。但如果说的是消ji行为,则用loudly。loudly常含有“喧闹、嘈杂、吵闹”之意。

He was about to speak loud when the naughty boy began to cry loudly.

另外,loudly还可以表示“引人注目地、花哨地”如:

Today she is very loudly dressed.

c) slow与slowly

在walk, run, climb, go, speak, read, burn以及how之后常用slow, 如:

How slow he climbs up the hill!

其他场合壹般用slowly

She eats more slowly of all the family.

d) quick与quickly

两者意思均为“快地;迅速地”但在“as…as”结构中,quick较为多用。

He ran as quick as I did at the sports meeting.

另外,在口语中, quick通常在词组中作副词,如在 Come quick(快点来)这样的词组中,但在正式写作中,要求使用 quickly

3) 意义相似,常可互换。

这样的词常见的有:clear / clearly; direct / directly; free / freely; bad / badly; quiet / quietly 等等。但值得注意的是,有些场合带-ly的副词通常表示方式,不带-y的副词通常表示结果。例如:

The door is closed tight. Please tightly close the door.

The photo has not come out clear. He remembers the photo clearly.

七、频率副词

常见的频率副词有always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, hardly, never等。

1. 频率副词在句中通常放在行为动词之前,系动词、情态动词或助动词之后。如:

I usually get up at six in the morning.

Li Ming is often late for school.

We could hardy understand him.

在简略答语和省略句中,则常放在系动词、情态动词或助动词之前。如:

Can they usually find time for amusements?

Yes, they always can.

为了加强语气,也可放在句shou。其中often, seldom, hardly, barely, never在句shou时,句子要倒装。如:

Sometimes we play basketball, sometimes we play table tennis.

Often did we warn them not to do so.

2. 其中seldom, hardly, 和never常看作否定词,因此在构成反意疑问句时,附加疑问句部分常用肯定式。如:

You seldom go to your uncle’s, do you?

She can hardly read and write, can she?

八、older和elder; farther和further

1. old的比较#和好高#有两种形式,即older, elder和oldest, eldest。在就年龄作比较时和修饰物时要用older, oldest。如:

I am one year older than you.

Mr. Smith is the oldest in the office.

My coat is older than yours.

elder和e1dest主要用来表示兄弟姊妹之间的长幼关系,不能修饰物。如:

My elder sister is at college.

He is my eldest daughter.

Who is the eldest of the three (sisters或brothers)?


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